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    Registered User tractorslinger's Avatar
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    Gravel

    Hoping I can get some input from everyone. I'm planning on putting new gravel in my drive this spring along with adding a new lane to two of my barns. Looking for advise on gravel size. Also looking for advise on if I need to put fresh dirt as a sub layer and gravel on top. Thanks in advance.

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    56FordGuy's Avatar
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    Curious to see where this goes, as I need gravel for our driveway as well.
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    grnspot110's Avatar
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    First, for new drive, break up any sod!

    Then, here's where I go against the grain, never anything bigger than 3/4"! For the base, I prefer 3/4" w/fines, comes under different names in different areas. Once there is a good, packed base, I use 3/8" chips, makes for much easier walking.

    Some people swear by 3" rock as a base, but it always seems to work it's way to the top.
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    ddinham's Avatar
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    I will be adding more driveway to make a circle driveway this year. My plan is to put down a layer of AB3 for the base layer and then put the usual 3/4 inch gravel for a top layer. Sorry, do not yet know the thickness needed.

    Dave
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    John Deere 1025R TLB's Avatar
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    This is what I put in form my drive.

    There was a great deal of soft in my drive during the construction of the home there was large stone brought in. Much bigger than 4s. After, 4s were put in. That layer was approximately 2 feet. On top of that 4s were put and then 2s that layer depends upon where you measure it but it is a minimum of an additional foot up to 3 ft thick to make a consistent grade from the pad to the road. Was there one winter with 2 1/2 feet of snow blown into the large dip that was below the road grade even when only 2 inches. On top of that was a 6 inch layer of modified (2s and fines mixed). This was all compacted at 6 inch layers from the 4s to the top coat with a full size vibratory roller (25 ton unit). Then 4 inches of binder and two of top coat. Very good drive. Has held up extremely well for 16 years now.
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    DeereNC's Avatar
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    We use class 2 w/ fines as the base over the hard yellow clay in western MN. Then we like granite fines on top layer. It looks great and doesn't tend to get mushy or soupy
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    Quote Originally Posted by tractorslinger View Post
    Also looking for advise on if I need to put fresh dirt as a sub layer and gravel on top.
    Generally speaking, you don't want "dirt". You usually want to remove any loam/topsoil layer and get down to a compacted sub-soil base of sand/gravel. Any gravel you apply over any loose soil is just going to sink down into that soil. Once you are down to a solid base you backfill with your base and then finish material. The farther down you go the larger the stone you use when backfilling.

    Each layer of gravel should be roughly 4" thick so start from the top and calculate downward. Choose your finish material (pea gravel, chip, etc...) and figure on it being 4" deep. Then go up in size from there with each layer. If your solid base is 12" below grade, for example, put a geotextille fabric under the whole thing then you could do 4" of 4" riprap followed by 4" of 2" riprap followed by 4" of pea gravel. Compact each layer as you apply them.
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    Registered User tractorslinger's Avatar
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    Appreciate all the advise.

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    mjncad's Avatar
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    I use recycled concrete road base. Our driveway is about 3" - 4" thick and I haven't had to do anything with it.

    https://picasaweb.google.com/1101061...91002/Driveway#
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    I have more ideas than ambition.


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    Road/drive construction all depends on what you have available and what your ground conditions are.
    Are you in a heavy clay, sand, well draining, not so well draining, mudhole in winter, ect.

    Putting a road in on top of topsoil is a general no-no.
    It's cheaper to build it back up with a good packing well draining sub material, then top off with something like crushed concrete or stone blend. Like 3/4" or 1".
    Again, it all depends on your budget and the costs of the materials and delivery in your area. Delivery itself has skyrocketed in the past 10 years.

    We generally use larger blends like 1 1/2" or 2" blends for heavy truck roads.
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