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What is a Hydraulic Control Valve?
Hydraulic control valves are used to start and stop fluid flow into hydraulic cylinders or hydraulic motors. They can be operated either manually or electronically (solenoid-operated). The number of cylinders or motors that a control valve can operate depends on the number of spools on the valve. The flow rates listed is the maximum allowed GPM (Gallons Per Minute) that can be put through a valve. A common example of a hydraulic control valve is the loader valve on a tractor.

Why Do I Need a Control Valve?
-To add a new implement/function to the front or rear of machine
-Replace old or damaged valve

What Are the Types of Hydraulic Control Valves You Carry?
Electric Directional Control Valves- These Hydraulic Control Valves can be used to operate any hydraulic cylinders (“A” Spool) or hydraulic motors (“D” spool) using electronic switch boxes. These valves have Max. allowed flows of either 15 GPM or 25 GPM. In addition, they have (1) inlet port and (1) high-pressure tank port.

Solenoid Monoblock Valves- These Hydraulic Control Valves can be used to operate any hydraulic cylinders (“A” Spool) or hydraulic motors (“D” spool) using electronic switch boxes. These valves have Max. allowed flows of either 13 GPM, 21 GPM or 27 GPM. In addition, they have (1) inlet port and (1) low-pressure tank port, (1) optional power-beyond port. These valves can be converted for use on closed-center hydraulic systems (adapter required).

Manual Monoblock Valves- These Hydraulic Control Valves can be used to operate any hydraulic cylinders (“A” Spool) or hydraulic motors (“D” spool) using levers or cables. These valves have Max. allowed flows of either 11 GPM, 21 GPM or 31 GPM. In addition, they have (1) inlet port and (1) low-pressure tank port, (1) optional power-beyond port. These valves can be converted for use on closed-center hydraulic systems (adapter required).

How Do I Identify My Power Beyond Port on My Loader Valve?
Typically, there are seven hoses or steel tubes connected to the loader valve. If only six hoses or tubes; there is no Power Beyond Port on your loader valve. The 1st four are connected to your loader for the up, down, dump, and curl functions. The fifth line comes from your pump to feed your loader valve. The sixth line goes directly to your reservoir so that when the pressure relief valve opens the fluid is dumped directly to the reservoir. The seventh line is connected to the “Power Beyond Port” on your loader valve, which is used to power other valves beyond the loader valve. On some loader valves there is a “PB” stamped on the valve next to the power beyond port. Some loaders indicate their power beyond port with green tape or a green mark on the hose or valve. Some loader valves have a power beyond sleeve inserted in the power beyond port. This sleeve looks like a nut; however, it is 3 to 4 times longer than a normal sized nut. On some loader valves there are no clues to help determine which connection is the power beyond port. Your owner’s manual may not even indicate the location.

What is the Power Beyond Conversion Plug and Do I Need It?
The power beyond conversion plug is designed for install into the N port of ONLY MONOBLOCKS (NOT ON OUR D03 STYLE VALVES) to add another valve downstream. For example, if you were to attach two monoblocks in-line together, you would need the power beyond conversion plug to connect the first valve to the second. If you are connecting this valve to your power beyond on your loader valve, you DO NOT need the power beyond conversion plug.

The control valve comes with a G thread (British Pipe Thread Parallel) style to fit the N port of the monoblock valve. Please refer to the product listing to ensure you are purchasing the correct power beyond adapter, as we also carry the adapter with SAE thread. We carry the P40-PB vs P40G-PB, P80-PB vs P80G-PB, and P120-PB adapter plugs.

You can also refer to our COUPLERS, THREADS, FITTINGS & ADAPTERS IDENTIFICATION GUIDE for a complete breakdown of sizing.

What is the Closed Center Conversion Plug and Do I Need It?
The closed center conversion plug is designed for install into the N port of ONLY MONOBLOCKS (NOT ON OUR D03 STYLE VALVES) to convert the open-center valve into a closed-center one. If your system is a closed center system, you will absolutely need this plug. If you are unsure if your tractor is open-center or closed-center, please refer to your owner’s manual or Google the specifications of your machine.

The control valve comes with a G thread (British Pipe Thread Parallel) style to fit the N port of the monoblock valve. Please refer to the product listing to ensure you are purchasing the correct power beyond adapter, as we also carry the adapter with SAE thread. We carry the P40-CC vs P40G-CC, P80-CC vs P80G-CC, P120-CC adapter plugs.

You can also refer to our COUPLERS, THREADS, FITTINGS & ADAPTERS IDENTIFICATION GUIDE for a complete breakdown of sizing.
Font Cylinder Auto part Drawing Art

How Do I Identify What Each of the Ports on the Valve Are?
Each Port is marked.

“P” port: Pressure or inlet port. This port connects to your power beyond port on your loader valve, your power beyond hose, or directly to your pump.

“T” Port: Return or tank port. This port connects to your tank.

“A” & “B” Ports: These are your work ports that connect to your cylinders or hydraulic motor.

“N” Port: Used for closed center plug or attaching multiple valves in a row (power beyond plug required).

What Detent Options Are Available for Monoblocks?
Detents are mechanisms installed onto a valve that allow you to either lock a handle into a “work” position (allowing fluid to flow to a work port hands free), or cause a handle to spring back into the neutral position when released.

We offer P40 valve detents that lock in all positions, lock in rear position, lock in forward position and a float detent. Please note that the float detent must be purchased with a float spool.

We also offer P80 valve detents that lock in all positions, lock in rear position, and lock in forward position.

What Spool Options Are Available for Monoblocks?
Spools are cylindrical components machined to slide in a close-fitting bore of a directional control valve. We carry 3 different types that operate very differently:

A Spool (Controls Double Acting Cylinders).

-All spools are double acting with spring return to neutral position. A spool is designed to control double acting cylinders

-A and B ports are closed to Tank in neutral position

Rectangle Font Parallel Number Circle


D Spool (Controls Hydraulic Motors)

-All spools are double acting with spring return to neutral position. D spool is designed for non-load holding applications such as motors and horizontal cylinders.

Font Rectangle Parallel Number Brand


K Spools (Float Spool)

-A and B ports are closed to tank in neutral position with spring return to neutral position for operation of A and B work ports. Float spool allows fluid within a cylinder or motor to flow freely. For example: If you needed a mower to follow the contour of the land.

-Must be purchased with float detent

Rectangle Font Parallel Number Pattern


Do You Offer a Wiring Diagram of the Solenoid for Monoblock Valves?

Below is a drawing of the DIN Connector wiring. The solenoid on the monoblock solenoid operated valves corresponds directly to this.
Font Rectangle Parallel Circle
 

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Discussion Starter · #3 · · Business
Very helpful info, especially if you're doing any add-on's yourself. A lot of times the installation instructions require some prior basic knowledge of how hydraulics work.
Hey Sierra1, I'm glad this article was helpful to you! Yes, it is very helpful to have some prior hydraulic knowledge before you undertake DIY projects. We try to help out the community by putting these resources out on the internet because there are a lot of people who are new to the world of hydraulics. :)
 
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